Signs of schizophrenia can be detected as below:
Hallucination is a perception with no object to perceive.
We distinguish :
psychosensory hallucinations (auditory +++, cenesthetic ++, olfactory +, taste, visual). The most characteristic are auditory hallucinations (a voice speaks to the subject, speaks to him, gives him orders …) and cenesthetic (physical sensations like painful tensions in the head or sexual organs, in the heart, waves crossing the body. ..). These phenomena can be elementary (simple sound, …) or complex (several voices known or unknown);
In the majority of schizophrenic patients, there is a particular syndrome which is characterized by:
beginning with intractable hallucinations affectively neutral (neither threatening nor benevolent);
(the subject has the sensation that everyone knows what he thinks), comments or echoes of actions and thoughts (an intra-psychic commentary on what he thinks or does: “Well, he thinks of his sister”, “Hey, he eats an egg” …);
Finally, there are associated malicious psychosensorial hallucinations, phenomena of influence and automatism of thought (thoughts perceived as foreign, automatic, incoercible: the subject speaks of telepathy) as well as phenomena of motor automatism (acts felt as imposed and incoercible).
Hallucinatory phenomena, telepathy and automatism can obviously be the cause of unexpected acts.
Clinical signs of schizophrenia: schizophrenic delirium
It is mainly illogical and incoherent.
It is most often with persecutory themes but also mystical, megalomaniac, invention.
These delusions are at once hallucinatory, interpretive, intuitive and imaginative.
The hallucinations can be intra-psychic, psychosensory, or type of mental automatism.
Interpretation is to misrepresent a situation. For example, the patient feels a hostile environment.
Intuition is a conviction that imposes itself on the subject: intuition that the interlocutor is malicious or guesses his thoughts.
Imagination participates in every delirious construction, even if it is incoherent!
It is always major, extremely painful. It can generate either agitation or a state of stupor.
In the most severe form, the patient can not even verbalize this anguish: it can be read on his face and seen in his attitudes.
It can even be anideic, that is, without content: it can not even be stated!
It is at the same time induced by anguish, delirium, hallucinations and automatism, psychic and behavioral disorganization.
Autism is a loss of contact with the surrounding world: in the background, little talkative, little responsive, the autistic subject lives in his inner world (more agonizing and painful than pleasant). It is not to ignore the fact that this withdrawal into self does not exclude imaginative fantasies, anguish or delirious thoughts that Bleuler proposed to replace the term “early dementia” with that of “schizophrenia”.
Emotional blunder does not protect against anxiety. It is a manifestation of the disinvestment of the surrounding world, especially the family. The subject no longer feels love for his entourage, he no longer reacts to affective solicitations. He appears indifferent.
Emotional indifference gives these patients a distant aspect, as if they were elsewhere, little or not concerned with the present, others, their own situation.
Those are signs of this mental illness, but we don’t know what exactly are the causes of schizophrenia and we haven’t been able to list every symtoms of schizophrenia. However, in any case, early diagnose of schizophrenia is always extremely necessary.